The loss of biodiversity is one of the most pressing phenomena that affect the entire humanity on a global scale. However, it has not been given the due attention that it deserves. Biodiversity is the presence of a wide variety of plants and animal species and each species has an important role in the ecosystem. There is a dependence of plants and animals species among each other to survive and to sustain their life forms.
However, the loss of biodiversity has affected the planet immensely. Initially, the loss of biodiversity can be attributed to the normal evolutionary process or background extinction rate. However, the reported current rate of global loss of biodiversity is estimated to be a 1000 times higher than the naturally occurring or the background extinction rate and is expected become higher in the coming years. Human activity has indeed sacrificed the ecosystem that has sustained us through the air that we breathe, the food that we eat and the water that we drink.
Loss of biodiversity, not a priority
While global efforts have been exerted over the years to raise awareness for mobilization, the impending massive extinction among the species remains to be not a priority among the majority of the population. The reason for this is that the issue of loss of biodiversity is not a highly visible environmental problem. This is not likethe more visible water contamination, potable water shortage or air pollution. This issue has even taken a secondary attention as compared to climate change. The extinction of an insect or animal may not readily affect the everyday lives of the majority of the people, thus some people felt unattached to the issue.
Promote sustainable development
Unless a strong global conservation effort can be exerted, we cannot really halt the increasing pace of the loss of biodiversity. We have to promote sustainable development across the countries and governments. Laws and regulations should be implemented seriously. Conservation programs should be implemented. Massive information and education campaigns on the impact of the loss of biodiversity should be launched. The global population should be informed about the impact of biodiversity on their own individual lives. Behavior change with a focus on demonstration of attitudes towards protection and conservation of the ecosystems should be modeled, observed and followed.
As climate change awareness has taken off, conservationist can use this issue to refocus on the loss of biodiversity and gain a bigger audience for advocacy and mobilization.