When you were little or when you still a child, you may have been taught about the different species that are alive and existing including the ones living in the sea and the plants. You were taught that there are many kinds of plants in a forest but they “live differently” compared to the other forests because of the different species of plants in each of these forests, the temperature inside the forest and the rainfall which makes each of these forests look similar but are special and unique in their own way because of the difference in their biodiversity.
Identifying and understanding the relationships between all the life on Earth is a big challenge even for the experts like scientists and biologists. Studying a pond can be hard enough if you don’t have the right tools and given the thousands of bacteria that you will need to figure out if how they can affect the whole pond. It is hard but it’s also exciting knowing something new every day. There are many types of biodiversity that you’ll need to understand first so that you can get the bigger picture.
What makes Genetic Biodiversity important?
It is the variation in genes that exists within a species. A helpful way to understand genetic diversity is to think about dogs. All dogs are part of the same species, but their genes can dictate whether they are Chihuahua or a Great Dane. There can be a lot of variation in genes, just think about all the colours, sizes, and shapes that make up the genetic diversity of dogs. In humans, the different genes that everybody has from their ancestors are the same as the dogs too. The characteristics that one possesses can vary from one person to another. It is important because of how different a species is from the other and studying it can give more knowledge in order to understand the trait of that species.
How about Ecological Biodiversity?
It is the diversity of ecosystems, natural communities and habitats. In essence, it’s the variety of ways that species interact with each other and their environment. The forests of Maine differ from the forests of Colorado by the types of species found in each ecosystems, as well as the temperature and rainfall. These two seemingly similar ecosystems have a lot of differences that make them both special. Studying how two species compete for the same resources because they both exist mutually is what makes ecological biodiversity a great topic.
Why is Marine Biodiversity a big part of life?
The Earth is covered with approximately 70% water. Studying the amount of life living in these bodies of water is enormous and knowing all about the different species living in it can be exhilarating and at the same time, great for humans to know how one species affect the whole ocean and everybody living in it. Knowing what one species can do and what it’s relation to other species is a wonderful experience and a great find for anyone studying it.
The different types of biodiversity make it easy enough for humans to study about. Finding out how one can positively affect the other is already enough for one thing to turn itself around.